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Volume 5, No. 1, April 2013, Jumada 2 1434 H 

Articles

 

 

 English Reduced Forms in Arabic Scientific Translation: A Case Study

 

The present paper is a case study of the rendition of English Reduced Forms (RLFs) in Majalat AlOloom (the Arabic version of Scientific American). It  works with the assumption that RLFs can be problematic in Arabic translation because English commonly favors the employment of such forms while Arabic opts for reduced forms only infrequently.  The purpose is to examine authentic Arabic translational data in an English text type (popular science articles) that usually abounds RLFs, in order to see how translators render them into Arabic. The data shows that professional scientific translators employ various strategies to render a variety of English RLFs. While Blended Forms and Complete Form + RLF are the most frequent RLFs in the English corpus, Translation Alone and Translation + RLF are the most occurring strategies in the Arabic corpus. The study offers both a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the data.

 

 

Mohammed Farghal & Mashael Al-Hamly

JJMLL, 2013, 5(1), 1-18

 

 

The Oriental as Absence in Minghella’s The English Patient

 This paper deals with the relationship between Michael Ondjaatje's novel The English Patient  (title typed in italics) and the film version of it directed by Minghella. In his film version of "THE ENGLISH PATIENT," Minghella changes the story radically. Indeed, the film has a different protagonist, a different denouement, and a different resolution from the novel. Far from maintaining Kip's role as protagonist of the novel, the film reduces him to a peripheral character. Moreover, the novel's major theme, namely, Kip's ability as an oriental to admire certain elements in Western culture, then review his encounter with that culture, and finally repudiate it, is hardly brought to the fore or allowed to be a significant theme in the film. Such manipulation of the content of a novel by film makers is charachteristic of the orietalists' trend to reserve the role of the hero for the White Wesern Man and represent the Oriental Man as devoid of any significant or effective cultural presence.

 

 

 A. Clare Brandabur

JJMLL, 2013, 5(1), 19-30

 

Against the Class of Liquids: Evidence from English and Arabic

 This paper aims at studying some of the problems associated with the class of sounds called liquids, with focus on the  /l/ and  /r/ . The data primarily comes from English and Arabic. The objective of this study is to question the validity of this class by showing that there is not enough phonetic ground to group /l/ and /r/ together in the class of liquids. Evidence from several phonological processes in English such as metathesis, t/d deletion, vowel insertion and other processes will  be presented to show the different phonological behaviors of these two phonemes. A number of linguistic phenomena in Arabic will be explored to support the argument of this paper that /l/ and /r/ function differently and should consequently be members of different classes. To the same end, some of the phonotactic rules of  English and Arabic regarding /l/ and /r/ will  be discussed.

 

 

Abdullah Hamid Abdullah Alhjouj

JJMLL, 2013, 5(1), 31-56

 

 

Exploring Criminology in Literary Texts: Robert Browning- an Example

 The association between literature and criminology is undeniable and yet for too long those studying crime and literature respectively, have failed to see the connection between the two, or dismissed it as being irrelevant. This study explores literary pieces which deal exclusively with murder in order to prove that the two disciplines: literature and criminology are intimately connected and essentially inseparable. Some literary pieces which deal with identifying the thought processes of murderers have been so insightful that crime experts applied them to certain high-profile cases. That so much violent crime is depicted in literature should stimulate further research into the links between criminology and literature. Robert Browning's "The Laboratory" (1844) is selected as a case study in order to demonstrate how criminological theories can successfully be applied to literary pieces. Browning's protagonist will prove to be a fictional manifestation of a female sadistic criminal as defined by psychiatrist/criminologist Paul De River in his criminology/sexology textbook for law enforcement personnel The Sexual Criminal (1949).

 

 

 

Afra Saleh Alshiban

JJMLL, 2013, 5(1), 57-70

 

 

Contesting the Story?: Plotting the Terrorist in Don DeLillo’s Falling Man

The work of Don DeLillo has frequently focused its attention on terrorism, and therefore the cameo role of Hammad, an imaginatively created member of the terrorist group who carried out the attack on the World Trade Center, is unsurprising in his post-9/11 novel Falling Man (2007). The intrinsic interplay of fact and fiction that frequently characterises post-9/11 novels and situates them within hegemonic discursive frameworks has fostered a debate about the role of literature in documenting such events and its relevance to understandings of significant historical moments.  Within such contexts conventional readings of DeLillo’s novel focus on the success or failure of his depiction of the American protagonist, Keith Neudecker who survives the attack on the World Trade Centre. My reading argues that contingent on Keith’s orthodox American perspective, a modernist privileging of narration remains stylistically prominent and seeks to affirm a Western discourse. Yet, through the play of temporality, the text also interweaves a counter-claim to this hegemony through the construction of Hammad’s plotting. While situating the fictional text within a dialogical relation to an actual and implied international rhetoric, DeLillo offers a faltering humanising of the terrorist that complicates popular understandings of terrorism. The inclusion of Hammad in an otherwise constrained personal sphere of experience implicates its specificity within a global political narrative.

 

 

Nath Aldalala'a

 JJMLL, 2013, 5(1), 71-84