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Volume 6, No. 2, Dec. 2014, Rabia1 1436H 

Articles

 

 

 Some Pragmatic Aspects of Arabic/English  Translation of Literary Texts

The present paper aims to show the relevance of pragmatic theories for the actual work of translators. Based on a selective body of authentic translation examples, the study demonstrates how implicit meaning as encapsulated in several pragmatic phenomena including presuppositions, speech acts, conversational implicatures , and politeness can seriously affect the quality of the translation product. It argues for a pragmatically-oriented process of translation where the main goal of the translator is to strike a balance between what is said and what is meant in human communication. In many cases, this balance should work in favor of what is meant in order to avoid communication breakdowns.

Keywords: translation, presuppositions, speech acts, conversational implicatures, politeness.

 

  

Mohammed Farghal and Ali Almanna

JJMLL, 2014, 6(2), 93 - 114

A Chronotopic Reading of Eugene O'Neill's  The Iceman Cometh

Although many of Bakhtin’s key theoretical terms have been applied to the novel, many of them are also applicable to the genre of drama. Among these terms “chronotope” is one such instance. As Bakhtin asserts, chronotope is the gate at which the knots of the plot are tied and untied, and the protagonist of a literary work can be defined by as well as reside in a particular chronotopic space. To illustrate the Bakhtinian concept of chronotope in practice, the present paper aims to demonstrate how the interrelatedness of space and time leads to the realistic destruction of characters in The Iceman Cometh.

Keywords: Drama, Journey, Mikhail Bakhtin, Modern, Space, Time.

 

 

Zohreh Ramin and Mohammad Reza Hassanzadeh Javanian

JJMLL, 2014, 6(2), 115 - 124

Anne Bradstreet’s Romantic Precedence

The aim of this study is to highlight the Romantic dimension of Anne Bradstreet’s poetry, especially as epitomized in her little-known, but very significant, long poem “Contemplations.” It begins by tracing some of its strong “echoes” (i.e. textual echoes) of later major Romantic classics, such as Wordsworth’s “Intimations,” Shelley’s “Ode to the West Wind,” and Keats’s “Ode to a Nightingale” and some of the affinities it bears to ideas of major American Romantic and Transcendentalist authors, such as Emerson, Thoreau and Whitman.  It then proceeds to discuss some of Bradstreet’s fundamental Romantic tenets in the context of the tenets of the Romantic movement.  Since Bradstreet (ca.1612-1672) is primarily known as a Puritan poet, the objective of this study is three-fold: a) to reveal, through comparing her ideas with those of major pillars of the Romantic movement on both sides of the Atlantic, some of the depths and complexities of Bradstreet’s philosophic vision and thought, b) to stress her contribution to Romantic thought, by offering her not only as a romantic predecessor but also as a possible Romantic precursor in the Bloomian sense, and c) to underscore, ultimately, the importance of her overall poetic contribution, which many readers still view as either marginal or minor.

Keyword: Bradstreet, nature poetry, Romanticism, Puritanism, influence, analogy.

 

 

Ahmad Y. Majdoubeh and Wafa A. Alkhadra

JJMLL, 2014, 6(2), 125 - 140

Son and Lover in T. S. Eliot’s “Portrait of a Lady”

The present paper attempts to vindicate misogyny in T. S. Eliot’s “Portrait of a Lady”. To the best of our knowledge, no full length study has examined the effect of mother love in Eliot’s “Portrait of a Lady”, and its interrelatedness with misogyny. In the poem, the young man and the lady live in an isolated togetherness, because the young man is dispossessed of any sense of emotional and human commitment. Inspite of the lady’s abiding love, which is avowed via bombastic rhetoric, her attempts to awaken his passive and latent desire end with an utter failure. The man remains shut off from the world of passion. He strives to control himself in front of the lady whose desire is bestial and threatening to his very masculine identity. The man splits his lady into mother and lover. Hence, his mind becomes torn in an admixture of attraction and repulsion. As the paper evinces, mother love, which is in his entrails, prompts his visceral hatred of the feminine and renders him deficient in his capacity to love.

Keywords: Mother love, Portrait of a Lady, mother complex, misogyny.

 

  

Leila Bellour

 JJMLL, 2014, 6(2), 141 - 162

 

Dunyazadiad: The Parody of The Arabian Nights

This article explores the influence of The Arabian Nights on John Barth's novella Dunyazadiad. This influence lies in The Arabian Nights labyrinth construction of the narrative events. By its experimental literary artifice, Dunyazadiad initiates the early phase of postmodern reactions to modernism's fictional modes and their apocalyptic vision regarding the death of fictional genres. Barth's conscious recapitulation of the twentieth century fictional genre manifests itself properly in the novella's frame-narrative, offering the solution that previous canonical works, especially The Arabian Nights, are the "treasure house" for avoiding the literary exhaustion prevalent in modern fiction. This study aims to scrutinize Barth's experimental parody of The Arabian Nights' frame-tale, narrator, characterizations, and dénouement to critique the spirit of exhaustion dominating contemporary modern fictional genre. The theoretical analysis of Dunyazadiad focuses on two main narrative theories, namely Mikail Bakhtin's dialogic mode and Patricia Waugh's formulation of metafiction., This article argues for Barth's reliance on The Arabian Nights frame-narrative to critique modernism fictional exhaustion.

Keywords: Barth, Dialogism, Exhaustion, Frame-tale, Metafiction, Parody, Replenishment.

 

 

 

Ghada Sasa and Abdulhadi Nimer

JJMLL, 2014, 6(2), 163 - 178