JJA » JJA Issues a
 Jordanian Journals
Editorial Board
International Advisory Board
Manuscript Organization
Instructions to Authors
Publication Ethics  
JJA Issues  
Contact Address


17th Century Dialogue between Art and Science: The effect of the Scientific Contributions of Galileo on Late Renaissance and Baroque Art

Mazen Hamdi Said Asfour

Visual art Department, Faculty of Art and Design, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan

Doi : https://doi.org/10.47011/13.2.7

Cited by : Jordan Journal of the Arts, 13 (3) (2020) 391-404


Received on: 11/7/2019                                     Accepted on: 19/12/2019


 After a deep scientific and cultural hibernation throughout the Middle Ages, during which politicized religious domination suppressed the creative freedom of humankind in all areas of life, the European Renaissance in the fifteenth century brought scientific and human prospects and discoveries that played a vital role in enriching culture and art and modernizing their structure and philosophy. This would not have been possible without the help of humanistic scientists and other thinkers who emerged during the Renaissance and the later Baroque era and developed new perspectives including a scientific approach to addressing life’s challenges, exploring them in a spirit that reconciled the holy with the secular. One of the most prominent of those scientists was Galileo Galilei, who is today considered the father of modern science. Galileo was also an artist, and his art incorporated the scientific ideas developed during this time. Among these ideas was the spirit of observation and experimentation, which was incorporated into the studies of nature, the world and the universe. This in turn was reflected in the visions of Renaissance and Baroque artists, whose work was characterized by the desire to simulate reality and to depict it in a simultaneously scientific and human spirit, and of subsequent artistic schools. This study will examine examples of the important works that illustrate the most prominent features of Galileo's influence on visual art - particularly representational art - and the aesthetic value of that influence.


Galileo, Art, Science,  Astronomy , Space



1. Alberti L.B, (1999). To Painting , Northwestern University Press, Chicago ,USA. P:205.

2. Avery .c, (1972). The New Century Italian Renaissance encyclopedia , Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York P: 622

3. Bal .M, (2006).  The Artemisia Files: Artemisia Gentileschi for Feminists and Other Thinking People, University of Chicago Press, P:6.

4. Bal .M, (2006).The Artemisia Files: Artemisia Gentileschi for Feminists and Other Thinking People, University of Chicago Press, P: 72.

5. Barilli .R, (2012). The Science of Culture and the Phenomenology of Styles,  Canadian Electronic Library: collection , McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, P:13.

6. Buonanno. R, (2014). The Stars of Galileo and the Universal Knowledge of Athanasius Kircher, Springer Science & Business Media, P:42.

7. Buonanno. R, (2014). The Stars of Galileo and the Universal Knowledge of Athanasius Kircher,: Springer Science & Business Media, P:43.

8. Coelho V. A, (1992). Music and Science in the Age of Galileo ,Hardcover P:6 .

9. Coelho V. A, (1992). Music and Science in the Age of Galileo ,Hardcover P:5.

10. Cunningham. L , . Reich J(2009). Culture and Values: A Survey of the Humanities, Cengage Learning NY, P:11.

11. Cypess. R, (2016). Curious and Modern Inventions: Instrumental Music as Discovery in Galileo's Italy. University of Chicago Press, P:26.

12. da Silva، .J.A, Neves. M.C.D, (2015). O Codex Cigoli-Galileo: ciência, arte e religião num enigma copernicano, SciELO - EDUEM, Pp14.

13. de Wetering .E.V, (2005). A Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings IV: Self-Portraits , Rembrandt Research Project Foundation, Springer Science & Business Media, P:108 .

14. De Wetering .E.V, (2016). Rembrandt ,The Painter Thinking, University of Amsterdam Press, 01 edition P: 166.

15. Ficacci. L, (1991). Guercino , Dossier d'art , Volume 61. Giunti Editore, P:18.

16. Finocchiaro . M, (2008). Galileo and the Art of Reasoning: Rhetorical Foundation of Logic and Method  Springer Science & Business Media, P:104

17. Gall.E, Waetzoldt.W, (1992). Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , Ed. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Germany , P:215

18. Gowers .T, (2010). June Barrow-Green, Imre Leader: The Princeton Companion to Mathematics, Princeton University Press, P:944.

19. Greco .P, (2018). Galileo, The Tuscan Artist , Springer, P:193.

20. Greco .P, (2018). Galileo, The Tuscan Artist , Springer, P: 188.

21. Greco .P, (2018). Galileo, The Tuscan Artist , Springer, 2018 ,P:155.

22. Greco .P, (2018). Galileo, The Tuscan Artist , Springer, P:156.

23. Greco .P, (2018). Galileo, The Tuscan Artist , Springer, P:157.

24. Greco .P, (2018). Galileo, The Tuscan Artist , Springer, P:193.

25. Hall .C, (2013). Galileo's Reading, Cambridge University Press, , P:61.

26. Hall C, (2013).Galileo's Reading, Cambridge University Press, , P:20.

27. Hall C, (2013). Galileo's Reading, Cambridge University Press, , P:60.

28. Hillstrom. K . Hillstrom .L, (1999). Contemporary Women Artistsm, St. James Press N.Y ,P: 409

29. Hourihane .C, (2012). The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture, volume1, OUP USA, P:565.

30. Impelluso. L, (2003). Eroi E Dei Dell'antichità Guide to imagery, Getty Publications, Los Angeles ,P38.

31. Oppenheimer. P (2002): Rubens: A Portrait, Ivan R. Dee, Cooper Square Press . New York.P:195.

32. Panofsky .E (2013): Galileo as a Critic of the Arts , Springer, ,P:11.

33. Pellizzi .F (2006): Anthropology and Aesthetics, 49/50: Spring/Autumn volume, Harvard University Press/ Cambridge, MA 02138, USA .P:143.

34. Pescio . C (2008): Rembrandt , Art masters , The Oliver Press, Inc., p:38.

35. Reeves . E (1999): Painting the Heavens: Art and Science in the Age of Galileo, Princeton University Press , P.18.

36. Renn J (2001): Galileo in Context, Science in context ; v.13, no.3/4, Cambridge University Press, ,P.210.

37. Salerno .L (1988): I dipinti di Guercino , U. Bozzi Ed, Rome, P:9

38. Tansey. R, De La Croix H, Gardner. H, (1980): Art Through the Ages, Vol 7, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, USA ,P:630.        

38. Thompson P. M (2009): Between Science and Religion: The Engagement of Catholic Intellectuals with Science and Technology in the Twentieth Century, Rowman & Littlefield, P:71

39. Tubbs .N, (2014), Philosophy and Modern Liberal Arts Education: Freedom is to Learn, 1st edition, Palgrave Macmillan and Springer , London ,UK. P: 12.        

40. Wolvekamp, H.P, (1974). Cultural patterns and natural science, Leiden University Press P: 23.