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فاعلية العلاج الآدلري ونموذج ساتير في معالجة اضطراب الوسواس القهري لدى عينة من اللاجئات ‏السوريات

رؤى القرعان و عبد الكريم جرادات ‏

جامعة اليرموك، الأردن


JJES,16(1), 2020, 19-32

ملخص: هدفت الدراسة الحالية إلى فحص فاعلية برنامج علاجي يستند إلى العلاج ‏الآدلري، وبرنامج علاجي آخر يستند إلى نموذج ساتير في معالجة اضطراب ‏الوسواس القهري لدى عينة من اللاجئات المراهقات السوريات. تكون مجتمع ‏الدراسة من (158) طالبة من طالبات الصفوف: السابع والثامن والتاسع والعاشر ‏في إحدى مدارس محافظة اربد. ولتحقيق أهداف الدراسة، استخدم الباحثان ‏نسخة معدّلة من قائمة مودسلي للوساوس والأفعال القهرية، وبناءً على درجات ‏أفراد مجتمع الدراسة على مقياس الوسواس القهري، اختيرت عينة الدراسة التي ‏تكونت من (35) طالبة، تم توزيعهن عشوائيًا إلى ثلاث مجموعات: مجموعتين ‏تجريبيتين ومجموعة ضابطة. وتألفت كل من المجموعتين التجريبيتين من (12) ‏طالبة، بينما تكونت المجموعة الضابطة من (11) طالبة. تلقت المجموعة التجريبية ‏الأولى برنامج العلاج الآدلري، وتلقت المجموعة التجريبية الثانية برنامج علاجي ‏يستند إلى نموذج ساتير. أما المجموعة الضابطة فلم تتلق أي برنامج علاجي. ‏بينت النتائج أن البرنامج العلاجي الآدلري قد أظهر فاعلية أكبر في تخفيض ‏الوسواس القهري من نموذج ساتير والضابطة في القياس البعدي، بينما كان ‏نموذج ساتير أكثر فاعلية في تخفيض الوسواس القهري من الضابطة في المقياس ‏البعدي.‏

الكلمات المفتاحية: الوسواس القهري، نموذج ساتير، العلاج الآدلري، ‏المراهقات اللاجئات)


Effectiveness of Adlerian Therapy and Satir's Model in the ‎Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in a Sample ‎of Female Syrian Refugees


Roa’a  Alquran, Yarmouk University, Jordan.

Abdul-Kareem Jaradat, Yarmouk University, Jordan.

Abstract: The present study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of a therapeutic program based on Adlerian Therapy, and on Satir's Model in treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (OSD) among a sample of Syrian refugee female adolescents. The study population consisted of (158) students in grades (7-10), selected from a school in Irbid Governorate. In order to achieve the aims of this study, a modified version of the Maudsley Obsessional-Compulsive Inventory was used. The sample of the study consisted of  (35) students, who scored the highest on the OCD Scale. These students were randomly assigned to three groups. two experimental groups and one control group. Each of the experimental groups consisted of (12) participants. Wherease the control group consisted of (11) participants, One of the experimental groups received Adlerian therapy, while the other received training on Satir's Model. As for the control group, students in this group did not receive any treatment.Results showed that the Adlerian therapy was significantly more effective in reducing OCD than Satir's Model and the no treatment group in the posttest, while Satir's Model was significantly more effective in reducing OCD than the no treatment group in the posttest.

(Keywords: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Adlerian Therapy, Satir's Model, Refugee Adolescents



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