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فاعلية برنامج إرشاد جمعي يستند إلى الدراما في تقدير الذات والقلق الاجتماعي لدى المراهقات

رامي طشطوش * و أميمة جدوع**

‏* جامعة اليرموك - الأردن.‏
‏** وزارة التربية والتعليم - الأردن.‏
 

Doi://10.47015/16.1.6                           

JJES,16(1), 2020, 83-103

ملخص: هدفت الدراسة الحالية إلى الكشف عن فاعلية برنامج إرشاد جمعي يستند إلى الدراما في تحسين تقدير الذات، وخفض القلق الاجتماعي لدى عينة من المراهقات. تكونت عينة الدراسة من (30) طالبة من طالبات الصف الثامن والتاسع والعاشر اللواتي أظهرن تدنيًا في تقدير الذات، وارتفاعًا في القلق الاجتماعي، تم توزيعهن عشوائيًا إلى مجموعتين متكافئتين: مجموعة تجريبية خضعت للبرنامج الإرشادي، ومجموعة ضابطة لم تخضع لأي برنامج إرشادي.

    ولتحقيق أهداف الدراسة تم استخدم مقياسين، هما: مقياس هيثرتون و بوليفي (Heatherton & Polivy) لتقدير الذات، ومقياس القلق الاجتماعي لماتيك وكلارك (Mattick & Clark)، إضافة إلى برنامج إرشادي مستند إلى الدراما أعده الباحثان. أظهرت النتائج وجود أثر دال إحصائيًا على القياس البعدي للقلق الاجتماعي وتقدير الذات لصالح المجموعة التجريبية، مما يدل على فاعلية برنامج الإرشاد الجمعي المستخدم في الدراسة الحالية. كما أشارت نتائج الدراسة إلى أنَ متوسطي الدرجات على مقياسي القلق الاجتماعي وتقدير الذات استمرا في التحسنِ إيجابًا في القياس التتبعي، مقارنة بالقياسِ البعدي، حيث كانت الفروق بينَ القياسين التتبعي والبعدي غير دالة إحصائيًا، ما يشير إلى احتفاظِ الطالبات المراهقات بأثر التدريب، وهذا يدل على استقرار أثر البرنامج.

(الكلمات المفتاحية: البرنامج الإرشادي، الدراما، القلق الاجتماعي، تقدير الذات، المراهقات).


 

 

The Effectiveness of a Group Counseling Program Based ‎on Drama in Self-Esteem and Social Anxiety among ‎Female Adolescents

 

Rami Tashtosh, Yarmouk University, Jordan.

Omaima Jdooa, Ministry of Education, Jordan.

 

Abstract: This study aimed at exploring the effectiveness of a group counseling program based on drama in improving self-esteem and in reducing social anxiety among a sample of female adolescents. The sample of the study consisted of (30) eighth, ninth and tenth grade female students, who showed low self-esteem and high social anxiety. They were randomly divided into two equal groups: An experimental group and a control group. The experimental group undertook the counseling program, whereas the control group did not.

To achieve the aims of the study, two scales: Heatherton and Polivy for self-esteem, for social anxiety Mattick and Clark were used. Meanwhile, the researchers designed a counseling program based on drama. Results revealed a statistical significant difference in the post-test of self-esteem and social anxiety in favor of the experimental group. In the same time, the study showed that means of social anxiety and self-esteem continued to improve positively in the follow up measurement, compared to the post-test, Thus, there are no statistical significant differences between post-test and follow up measurements. which reveal the effectiveness of the program for adolescents’ students This indicates female adolescents, retention of the effect of training, and as such demonstrating the stability of the program’s impact.

(Keywords: Counseling Program, Drama, Self-Esteem, Social Anxiety, Adolescents).

 

 

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