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أنماط سلوك المرؤوسين وعلاقتها بأنماط السلوك القيادي للقادة ‏الأكاديميين كما يدركها أعضاء الهيئة التدريسية في جامعات ‏شمال الأردن

ايمان بني عيسى و عارف العطاري

‏* جامعة اليرموك - الأردن.‏
 

Doi://10.47015/16.1.8                           

JJES,16(1), 2020, 117-128

ملخص: هدفت هذه الدراسة تعرف أنماط سلوك المرؤوسين وعلاقتها بأنماط سلوك القادة ‏الأكاديميين كما يدركها أعضاء هيئة التدريس في الجامعات العامة والخاصة شمال ‏الأردن. ولتحقيق أهداف الدراسة تم استخدام المنهج الوصفي الارتباطي. وقد تم ‏تبني مقياس "كيلي" لأنماط سلوك المرؤوسين ومقياس "ستيلر" لقياس أنماط ‏السلوك القيادي. ووزع المقياسان على عينة عشوائية طبقية مكونة من (‏‎304‎‏) ‏عضو هيئة تدريس في جامعات (اليرموك، والعلوم والتكنولوجيا، وآل البيت، ‏وفيلادلفيا، وعجلون الوطنية، وجرش الأهلية، إربد الأهلية، جدارا). وقد تم ‏التحقق من صدق وثبات الأداتين، كما تم استخدم اختبار مربع كاي لحسن مطابقة ‏تكرارات المشاهدة لأنماط سلوك المرؤوسين للتكرارات المتوقعة لها، وكذلك الأمر ‏لأنماط سلوك القادة. كشف تحليل نتائج الدراسة أن أنماط المرؤوسين الأكثر ‏انتشارًا هي النمط المثالي في المرتبة الأولى، ثم النمط البراغماتي، وأخيرا النمط ‏الاغترابي والسلبي. وأظهرت النتائج أن أكثر أنماط سلوك القادة انتشارًا ‏التمكيني. وفي المرتبة الثانية النمط الديمقراطي، وفي المرتبة الثالثة والأخيرة ‏النمط الأوتوقراطي. وكذلك أظهرت النتائج عدم وجود علاقة ذات دلالة إحصائية ‏بين أنماط سلوك القادة وأنماط سلوك المرؤوسين. ‏


‏(
الكلمات المفتاحية: أنماط سلوك المرؤوسين، أنماط سلوك القيادة، الجامعات ‏الأردنية)‏


 

Followership Styles and their Relationship with Leadership Styles of Academic ‎Leaders as Perceived by Faculty Members at Universities of Northern Jordan

 

Eman Baniissa and Aref Alattari, Yarmouk Universirty, Jordan.

 

Abstract: This study aimed at identifying patterns of the followership ‎styles and their relation to the leadership styles of academic ‎leaders as perceived by faculty members in public and private ‎universities in northern Jordan. The researchers used the ‎descriptive correlational approach. The Kelley’s scale was ‎adopted for the followership styles, and Stellar’ leadership scale ‎for leadership styles.The study instruments were administered ‎to a stratified random sample of 304 faculty members ‎‎(Yarmouk, JUST, Al-Bayt, Philadelphia, Ajloun Private ‎University, Jerash Private University and Irbid Private ‎University). The validity and reliability of the study tools were ‎verified. Chi-Square Goodness of Fit was used to correlate ‎followers’ observation frequencies of conduct with the expected ‎frequencies, and so it was for leaders’ frequencies conduct.The ‎results showed that the exemplary followership style was the ‎most observed, followed by the pragmatic style, whereas the ‎alienated and the passive style came last. The results showed ‎that the most prevalent leadership style is the empowering style, ‎followed by the democratic, whereas the autocratic came last. ‎Study results also showed that there were no statistically ‎significant differences between the styles of leadership and ‎those of followership. ‎


‎(Keywords: Followership Styles, Leadership Styles, Jordanian ‎Universities).‎


 

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