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الذكاء الانفعالي وعلاقته بقلق المستقبل لدى عينة من الأطفال الأيتام ومجهولي النسب

أحمد غزو

‏* الجامعة الهاشمية، الأردن.‏


JJES,16(2), 2020, 155-172

ملخص: هدفت الدراسة الحالية إلى الكشف عن مستوى الذكاء الانفعالي وقلق المستقبل ‏لدى عينة من الأطفال الأيتام ومجهولي النسب، ومعرفة دلالة الفروق في الذكاء ‏الانفعالي وقلق المستقبل في ضوء متغير الجنس وصفة الطلبة (أيتام، ومجهولي ‏النسب). كما هدفت إلى فحص العلاقة الارتباطية بين الذكاء الانفعالي وقلق ‏المستقبل لدى عينة من الأطفال الأيتام ومجهولي النسب. تكونت عينة الدراسة من ‏‏(206) من الأطفال الأيتام والأطفال مجهولي النسب تم اختيارهم بالطريقة ‏المتيسرة. أظهرت نتائج الدراسة أن مستوى الذكاء الانفعالي لدى الأطفال الأيتام ‏ومجهولي النسب كان مرتفعًا، وأن مستوى قلق المستقبل لدى الأطفال الأيتام ‏ومجهولي النسب كان متوسطًا. كما أظهرت النتائج عدم وجود فروق دالة ‏إحصائيًا في مستوى الذكاء الانفعالي ككل وأبعاده تعزى الى متغير صفة الطلبة ‏‏(أيتام، ومجهولي النسب)، ووجود فروق دالة إحصائيًا في مستوى إدارة ‏انفعالات الآخرين، واستخدام الانفعالات تعزى لمتغير الجنس، ولصالح الإناث. ‏ووجود فروق في متوسط قلق المستقبل ككل وأبعاده تعزى الى متغير الجنس ‏لصالح الطالبات الإناث. وعدم وجود فروق في متوسط قلق المستقبل ككل ‏وأبعاد قلق المستقبل تعزى إلى متغير صفة الطلبة (ايتام، ومجهولي النسب). ‏وأخيرًا أظهرت نتائج الدراسة وجود علاقة ارتباطية سالبة ودالة إحصائيًا بين ‏الذكاء الانفعالي وقلق المستقبل.‏

الكلمات المفتاحية: الذكاء الانفعالي، قلق المستقبل، الأطفال الأيتام، الأطفال ‏مجهولي النسب)‏


Emotional Intelligence and its Relationship with Future ‎Anxiety among a Sample of Orphan and Unknown ‎Descent Children


Ahmad Gazo, Hashemite University, Jordan.


Abstract: The current study aimed at investigating the level of emotional ‎intelligence and future anxiety among a sample of orphans and ‎unknown descent children, and examine the significant ‎differences in emotional intelligence and future anxiety due to ‎gender and child characteristics (orphan and unknown descent) ‎variables, as well as to examine the correlation relationship ‎between emotional intelligence and future anxiety. The study ‎sample consisted of (206) orphan and unknown descent ‎children, chosen by the convenient sampling method. The ‎results of the study showed that the level of emotional ‎intelligence among orphan and unknown descent children was ‎high, and the level of future anxiety among orphan and ‎unknown descent children was moderate. The results also ‎showed no statistically significant differences in the level of ‎emotional intelligence and its subscales, due to child ‎characteristics (orphan and unknown descent), and that there ‎were statistically significant differences in the level of emotional ‎subscales: Managing others’ emotion, and utilization emotion, ‎due to gender, in favor of female students and there were ‎statistically significant differences in the level of future anxiety ‎and its subscale due to gender, in favor of female students, but ‎no statistically significant differences in the level of future ‎anxiety and its subscale due to child characteristics (orphan and ‎unknown descent). The results of the study also showed a ‎negative correlation between emotional intelligence and future ‎anxiety. ‎

‎(Keywords: Emotional Intelligence, Future Anxiety, Orphan ‎Children, Unknown Descent Children)‎



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