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استراتيجيات الوعي ما وراء المعرفيّ الأكثر استخدامًا في فهم المسموع لدى متعلّمي اللغة العربيّة الناطقين بغيرها

محمد الحوامدة و محمد الخوالدة

جامعة اليرموك، الأردن


JJES,17(2), 2021, 169-183

ملخص: هدفت الدراسة الحاليّة إلى الكشف عن استراتيجيات الوعي ما وراء المعرفيّ ‏الأكثر استخدامًا في فهم المسموع لدى متعلمي اللغة العربية الناطقين بغيرها في ‏الأردن، وما إذا كانت هناك فروق ذات دلالة إحصائيّة في استخدامهم لها، تعزى ‏إلى مستواهم اللغوي. ولتحقيق أهداف الدراسة، استخدم مقياس استراتيجيات ‏الوعي ما وراء المعرفيّ في فهم المسموع ‏‎(MALQ)‎‏ الذي طوّره فاندرغريفت ‏وآخرون ‏‎(Vandergrift et al., 2006)‎‏. تكوّن أفراد الدراسة من (93) متعلمًا ‏ومتعلمة من متعلمي اللغة العربيّة من المستويين المتوسّط والمتقدّم الملتحقين ‏بمركز اللغات في جامعة اليرموك في العام الجامعيّ 2019/2020، اختيروا ‏بالطريقة المتيسّرة. أظهرت نتائج الدراسة أن استراتيجيّة حلّ المشكلات كانت ‏الأكثر استخدامًا لدى أفراد الدراسة، بينما كانت استراتيجيّة الترجمة الذهنيّة ‏الأقل استخدامًا. وأظهرت النتائج كذلك عدم وجود فروق ذات دلالة إحصائيّة في ‏استخدام المتعلمين استراتيجيات الوعي ما وراء المعرفيّ في فهم المسموع، ‏تعزى إلى مستواهم اللغوي (متوسّط، متقدّم).‏.

(الكلمات المفتاحية: فهم المسموع، استراتيجيات الوعي ما وراء المعرفيّ، الناطقون بغير اللغة العربيّة)


Metacognitive Awareness Strategies Most Frequently Used in Listening Comprehension among Non-native Arabic Speakers in Jordan

Mohammad Al-Hawamdeh and Mohammed Al-Khawaldeh, Yarmouk University, Jordan.


Abstract: This study aimed at investigating metacognitive strategies most frequently used in listening comprehension among non-native Arabic speakers in Jordan and whether there are statistically significant differences in their use due to their language level. To achieve the aims of the study, the Metacognitive Awareness Listening Comprehension Questionaire (MALQ) developed by (Vandergrift et al., 2006) was used. The subjects of the study were (93) non-native Arabic speakers from Yarmouk University language center during the academic year 2019/2020 who were selected by the available method. The results of the study revealed that the most frequently strategy used is the problem-solving strategy among the study subjects, while the least frequently used was the mental translation strategy. The results also revealed that no statistically significant differences in learners' srtrategies use due to their language level (intermediate, advanced).

(Keywords: Listening Comprehension, Metacognitive Awareness Strategies, Non-native Arabic Speakers)



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