JJES » JJES Issues
 
 Yarmouk Journals
Home
Editorial Board
Consulative Board
Manuscript Submission
Publication Guidelines
JJES Issues  
Contact Address
 

 

أثر برنامج إرشاد جمعي يستند إلى العلاج باللعب المعرفي السلوكي في خفض المشكلات الانفعالية ‏والسلوكية لدى عينة من الطلاب السوريين اللاجئين

جهاد علاء الدين* و شادي الحوامدة**

‏* الجامعة الهاشمية، الأردن
‏**
مركز الشفلح للأشخاص ذوي الإعاقة، قطر
 

Doi://10.47015/17.2.3

JJES,17(2), 2021, 205-220

ملخص: سعت هذه الدراسة لفحص أثر برنامج إرشاد جمعي يستند إلى العلاج باللعب المعرفي السلوكي في خفض المشكلات الانفعالية والسلوكية لدى عينة من الطلاب الذكور اللاجئين السوريين في مدرسة عبد الملك بن مروان الأساسية للبنين التابعة لمديرية تربية قصبة المفرق، الأردن. وتكوّن أفراد الدراسَة من (40) طالبًا في الصفِين السادس والسابع تراوحت أعمارهم بين (12-14) سنة، تم اختيارهم بناءً على درجاتهم المرتفعة على النسخة العربية من استبانة أوجه القوة والصعوبات (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: SDQ) ، وتوزيعهم عشوائيًا إلى مجموعتين: مجموعة المعالجة التجريبية التي تلقت برنامج الإرشاد الجمعي المستند إلى العلاج المعرفي السلوكي والعلاج باللعبِ، والمجموعة الضابطة التي لم يشاركْ أفرادها في أي تدخل إرشادي. وأشارت النتائج إلى وجود فروق دالّة إحصائيًا في القياس البعدي في متوسط الدرجات بين المجموعتين التجريبية والضابطة في الاختبار البعدي على مقياسِ أوجه القوة والصعوبات وأبعاده الفرعية الخمسة: الأعراض الانفعالية، والعلاقات مع الأقران، والمشكلات السلوكية، وعدم الانتباه وفرط النشاط، ونقص السلوك الاجتماعي الإيجابي، لصالح المجموعة التجريبية. كذلك أظهرت نتائج المقارنات بين الاختبارين البعدي والتتبعي لدى المجموعة التجريبية وجود فروق دالّة إحصائيًا بين الدرجات على مقياس الدراسة وأبعاده الخمسة، باستثناء بُعد المشكلات السلوكية، لصالحِ القياسِ التتبعي؛ فقد تراجعت درجات الطلاب لتصبح أقل بدرجة دالّة مقارنة بدرجاتهم في القياس البعدي.‏


‏(
الكلمات المفتاحية:
برنامج إرشاد جمعي، العلاج باللعب المعرفي السلوكي، المشكلات الانفعالية والسلوكية، الطلاب السوريون اللاجئون في مدينة المفرق، الأردن)


The Effect of a Group Counseling Program Based on Cognitive- Behavioral Play Therapy in Reducing Emotional and Behavioral Problems among a Sample of Syrian Refugee Students

 

Jehad Alaedein, Hashemite University, Jordan. ‎
Shadi Alhawamdeh, Shafallah Center for Persons with Disabilities, Qatar.‎
 

Abstract: This study sought to examine the effect of a group counseling program based on cognitive- behavioral play therapy in reducing emotional and behavioral problems among a sample of male Syrian refugee students enrolled in Abd Al-Malik Ibn Marwan Elementary School for Boys, Al-Mafraq, Jordan. The sample consisted of (40) students in the sixth and seventh grades, with ages ranging between (12-14 years) and selected according to their higher scores on the Arabic version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. (SDQ). The sample was randomly divided into two groups: The experimental treatment group that received the group counseling program based on CBPT and the control group whose members did not participate in any counseling intervention. The results indicated that there are statistically significant differences in the average scores between the experimental and control groups in the post-test on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and its five dimensions: Emotional symptoms, relationships with peers, behavioral problems, lack of attention and hyperactivity and lack of positive social behavior, in favor of the experimental group. Also, the results of the comparison between the post-test and the follow-up test for the experimental group showed that there are statistically significant differences between the scores on the study's scale and its five dimensions, with the exception of the behavioral problems dimension, in favor of the follow-up test, where the students' scores decreased to become significantly lower compared to their post-test scores.

(Keywords: Group Counseling Program, Cognitive- Behavioral Play Therapy, Emotional and Behavioral Problems, Syrian Refugee Students, Al-Mafraq City, Jordan)

 

 

References

Abu Hayin, F. (2010). Child labor and its impact on their mental health in the governorates of Gaza. Center for Community Training and Crisis Management. Al-Aqsa University.

Ahmadi, M., Alizei, M., & Mazloomi, A. (2014). Effectiveness of group play therapy through cognitive -behavioral method in social adjustment of children with behavioral disorder. Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 3(12), 356–362.

Allawneh, A., & Smadi, A. (2018). The effects of a play-based counseling program on improving social adjustment and isolation among deprived orphan children. Jordanian Journal of Educational Sciences, 14 (1), 59-70.

Al-Rifai, A., & Al-Momani, F. (2020). The effectiveness of recreational activities and psychodrama in reducing the level of aggression among a sample of Syrian refugee students. Journal of the Islamic University Educational and Psychological Studies, 28 (1), 589-616.

Al-Smadi, R. (2015). The effect of group counseling on reducing aggressive behavior and improving psychological resilience of children abused by their parents and placed in care institutions. Unpublished Master Thesis, Hashemite University.

Battagliese, G., Caccetta, M., Luppino, O., Baglioni, C., Cardi, V., Mancini, F., & Buonanno, C. (2015). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for externalizing disorders: A meta-analysis of treatment effectiveness. Behavior Research and Therapy, 75, 60-71.

Beck, A. (1976). Cognitive therapy and emotional disorders. International Universities Press.

Chu, B., & Kendall, P. (2004). Positive association of child involvement and treatment outcome within a manual-based cognitive-behavioral treatment for children with anxiety. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 7 (5), 821–829.

Drewes, A. (2009). Blending play therapy with cognitive behavior therapy. New Jersey: Wiley.

Earls, M. (2009). The play factor: Effect of social skills group play therapy on adolescent African-American males. Unpublished Ed.D. Dissertation, Texas Southern University..

El-Khodary, B., & Samara, M. (2018).The effect of exposure to war-traumatic events, stressful life events and other variables on mental health of Palestinian children and adolescents in the 2012 Gaza war. The Lancet, 21(391), S6.

Elliot, S. (2017). To what extent can a series of play therapy sessions contribute to strengthening resilience in Syrian refugee children? Child Therapy International, 3 (1), 1-19.

Flagg, E. (2013). Play and treatment outcomes in a cognitive behavioral program for children with anxiety: The role of child involvement and collaboration. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine.

Gangi, J., & Barowsky, E. (2009). Listening to children’s voices: Literature and the arts as means of responding to the effects of war, terrorism and disasters. Childhood Education, 85(6), 357–363.

Gerstman, B. (2008). Basic biostatistics: Statistics for public health practice. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Inc.

Ghodousi, N., Sajedi, F., Mirzaie, H., & Rezasoltani, P. (2017). The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral play therapy in externa-lizing behavior problems among street and working children. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal, 15 (4), 359-366.

Goodman, R., (1997). The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Journal Child Psychology Psychiatry, 38(5), 581-586.

Hall, T., Kaduson, H., & Schaefer, C.(2002). Fifteen effective play therapy techniques. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 33(6), 515-522.

Heath, M., Sheen, D., Leavy, D., Young, E., & Money, K. (2005). Bibliotherapy: A resource to facilitate emotional healing and growth. School Psychology International, 26(5), 563–580.

Karam, E., Friedman, M., Hill, E., Kessler, R., McLaughlin, K., Petukhova, M. et al. (2014). Cumulative traumas and risk thresholds: 12-month PTSD in the world mental health (WMH) surveys. Depression and Anxiety, 31, 130-142.

Kasmaei, S., & Asghari, F. (2017). Comparative study of the effects of narrative therapy and play therapy by group approach on inhibiting impulsivity, reducing aggression and increasing interpersonal relations. World Family Medicine/ Middle East Journal of Family Medicine, 15(4), 24-33.

Knell, S. (1993a). Cognitive behavior play therapy. Jason Aronson.

Knell, S. (1993b). To show and not tell: Cognitive-behavior play therapy in the treatment of electivemutism. In: T. Kottman & C. Schaefer (Eds.), Play therapy in action: A casebook for practitioners (pp. 169-208). Jason Aronson.

Knell, S. (2009). Cognitive-behavioral play therapy. Jason Aronson, Inc.

Knell, S., & Dasari, M. (2006). Cognitive behavioral play therapy for children with anxiety and phobias. In: H. Kaduson & C. Schaefer (Eds.), Short-term therapies with children (2nd edn., pp.22-50). Guilford.

Kwon, Y., & Lee, K. (2018). Group child-centered play therapy for school-aged North Korean refugee children. International Journal of Play Therapy, 27(4), 256-271.

Lazarus, R. (1984). On the primacy of cognition. American Psychologist, 39 (2), 124-129.

Liddle, I., & Macmillan, S. (2010). Evaluating the FRIENDS program in a Scottish setting. Educational Psychology in Practice, 26(1), 53-67.

Lu, Y. (2008). Helping children cope. Children and Libraries, 6(1), 47–49.

Pola, A., & Nelson, R. (2014). The impact of bibliotherapy on positive coping in children who have experienced disasters. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 48(4), 341-344.

Razak, N., Johari, K., Mahmud, M., Zubir, N., & Johan, S. (2018). General review on cognitive- behavior play therapy on children's’ psychology development. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 7(4), 134–147.

Rogers, C. (1986). Client-centered therapy. In: I. Kutash & A. Wolf (Eds.), Psychotherapist’s casebook (pp. 197-208). Jossey-Bass.

Salem, H. (2018). The voices of reason: Learning from Syrian refugee students in Jordan. Policy Paper No. 18/3. Research for Equitable Access and Learning, REAL Centre, University of Cambridge. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo. 1247330.

Sarimin, D., & Tololiu, T. (2017). Effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy in comparison to CBT- plus play therapy among children with post-traumatic stress disorder in Manado, Indonesia. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 5(4), 1589-1593.

Schottelkorb, A., Doumas, D., & Garcia, R. (2012). Treatment for childhood refugee trauma: A randomized, controlled trial. International Journal of Play Therapy, 21(2), 57–73.

Sevinc, E., & Tok, S. (2018). Cognitive behavioral therapy principles in children: Treatment of internalizing disorders. In: O. Senormamci & G. Senormamci (Eds.), Cognitive behavioral therapy and clinical applications (Chapter 1, pp.1-25). TECH Open.

Thabet, A., Abu Tawahaina, A., & Al-Sarraj, E. (2007). The effect of home demolitions on the mental health of male children and psycholo-gical resilience. Arab Psychological Network, 4(15 &16), 117-125.

Thabet, A., Stretch, D., & Vostanis, P. (2000). Child mental health problems in Arab children: Application of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 46, 266-280.

Tompkins, M. (2018). Role of play in cognitive-behavior therapy. San Francisco, CA: Center for Cognitive Therapy. http://sfbacct.com/kid-korner/role-of-play-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy.

Turrini, G., Purgato, M., Acarturk, C., Anttila, M., Au, T., Ballette, F., … , & Barbui, C. (2019). Efficacy and acceptability of psychosocial interventions in asylum seekers and refugees: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 28(4), 376–388.

Ugurlu, N., Akca, L., & Acarturk, C. (2016). An art therapy intervention for symptoms of post-traumatic stress, depression and anxiety among Syrian refugee children. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 11(2), 89-102.

United Nations (UN). (2015). United Nations General Assembly, Session 44, Resolution 25. Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). (20 November 1989). United Nations Publications. Retrieved on August 22, 2018. www.coe.int/t/dg3/children/participation/CRC-C-GC-12.pdf.

United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR). (2019). Vulnerability assessment framework (VAF) population study 2019. Retrieved on 9 February 2020. https://data2. unhcr.org/en/documents/download/68856.

United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR). (2020). Syria regional refugee response: Jordan. Retrieved on 5 February 2020. https://data2.unhcr.org/en/situations/ syria/location/36

van Ommeren, M., Sharma, B., Sharma, G., Kamproe, I., Cardena, E., & De-Jong, J. (2002a). The relationship between somatic and PTSD symptoms among Bhutanese refugee torture survivors: Examination of comorbidity with anxiety and depression. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 15(5), 415-421.

van Ommeren, M., Sharma, B., Prasain, D., & Poudyal, B. (2002b). Addressing human rights violations: A public mental health perspective on helping torture survivors in Nepal. In: J. De-Jong (Ed.), Trauma, war and violence: Public mental health in socio-cultural context (pp.259-281). Springer.

Yalom, I.(1995). The theory and practice of group psychotherapy. 4th Edition, Basic Books

.