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القيادة الخادمة لمديري المدارس وعلاقتها بالروح المعنوية للمعلمين ‏‎ ‎

أحمد العنزي ‏

جامعة الكويت، الكويت

Doi://10.47015/17.3.1  

JJES,17(3), 2021, 325-341

ملخص: هدفت الدراسة الحالية إلى التعرف على درجة ممارسة مديري المدارس للقيادة الخادمة وعلاقتها بالروح المعنوية من وجهة نظر معلمي ومعلمات المرحلة المتوسطة بدولة الكويت. واستخدمت الدراسة المنهج الوصفي بشقيه التحليلي والارتباطي؛ وتم اختيار العينة بالطريقة العشوائية الطبقية وقوامها (353) معلمًا ومعلمة. وخلصت الدراسة إلى عدد من النتائج، لعل أبرزها الآتي: استجابات عينة الدراسة نحو القيادة الخادمة وأبعادها كانت جميعها بدرجة مرتفعة (حيث حصل بُعد الإيثار على المرتبة الأولى، تلاه بُعد المحبة، وحل في المرتبة الثالثة بُعد التواضع، وفي المرتبة الأخيرة جاء بُعد التمكين)؛ ووجود فروق ذات دلالة تعزى إلى الجنس في بُعدي الإيثار والتواضع وكانت لصالح الإناث؛ وعدم وجود فروق دالة تعزى إلى المستوى التعليمي والخبرة التدريسية؛ ووجود فروق دالة في تخصص القسم العلمي في بُعد التواضع وكانت لصالح تخصص المواد الأدبية؛ وكانت استجابات عينة الدراسة نحو الروح المعنوية بدرجة مرتفعة؛ وتبين وجود علاقة ارتباطية إيجابية بين درجة ممارسة مديري المدارس للقيادة الخادمة وأبعادها الأربعة ودرجة الروح المعنوية للمعلمين.

(الكلمات المفتاحية: القيادة الخادمة، الروح المعنوية، مديري المدارس).

 

Servant Leadership of Principals and Its Relationship to Teachers’ Morale

 

Ahmad Al-Anezi, Kuwait University, Kuwait.

 

Abstract: The study aimed to identify the degree of practice of school principals of servant leadership and its relationship to teachers’ morale from the perspective of middle-school teachers in Kuwait. The study applied the descriptive-analytical and correlation methods and the sample was chosen using stratified random sampling and consisted of (353) teachers. The study concluded a number of results: The responses of the sample towards the servant leadership and its dimensions were all high (where the altruism dimension was recorded first, followed by love, then humility, and finally, empowerment); There were no significant differences due to gender, in the dimensions of altruism and humility, in favor of females; there were no significant differences due to the level of education and teaching experience; there were significant differences due to the scientific department’s specialization in humility, in favor of literary subjects; the responses of the sample towards the teachers’ morale were high; there was a positive relatioship between servant leadership and its four dimensions and teachers’ morale.

(Keywords: Servant Leadership, School Principals, Teachers’ Morale).

 

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