S. (2017). The impact of servant leadership on strategic
planning in Kuwait schools: A field study.
The Educational Journal, 31(123), 11-37.
Al-Deereah, L., &
Salamah, K. (2018). The applicability of the servant leadership
by the principals of Jordanian discovery schools in the
governorate of the capital from the teachers’ perspective and
its relation to the teachers’ motivation toward work. Journal
of Al-Quds Open University for Educational & Psychological
Research & Studies, 22(7), 147-159.
M. (2017). The level of morale among Arabic subject teachers in
Kuwait public schools. The Educational Journal, 31(122),
Identifying the personality traits of principals of Qasabat
Al-Mafraq schools in Jordan and its relationship to the teachers
morale. Dirasat: Educational Sciences, 44(3), 47-63.
Alhouti, I., & Male,
T. (2017). Kuwait principals: Preparation, induction and
continuing development. Journal of International Studies in
Educational Administration, 45(1), 88-103.
Al-Jalabanh, M. (2018). The level of job satisfaction of faculty
members at Philadelphia University and its relation to their
morale. Al Quds Open University Journal of Human and Social
Research, 1(24), 189-228.
Al-Mahdy, Y., Al-Harthi, A., & Salah El-Din, N. (2016).
Perceptions of school principals’ servant leadership and their
teachers’ job satisfaction in Oman. Leadership and Policy in
Schools, 15(4), 543-566.
Al-Mashhadani, A. (2017). The degree of practice of
governmental middle-school principals in the province of Baghdad
for human relations and its relationship to morale of teachers
of Islamic education from their point of view. Master
Thesis, Middle East University, Jordan.
Al-Nashash, F., & Al-Kilani,
A. (2015). Developing a code of ethics for educational servant
leadership in Jordan. Dirasat: Educational Sciences,
B. (2005). Statistical analysis of data in scientific research
using SPSS. Riyadh: National Library of King Fahad.
Alramezi, F. (2009). Educational state in Kuwait: Problems and
solution. Kuwait: Studies and Research Department, Kuwaiti
Al-Shammari, M. (2017). The reality of high- school reform from
the perspective of high- school principals in public education in
the State of Kuwait.
Master Thesis, Middle East University, Jordan.
Al-Tamam, A. (2016). The reality of the leadership of the principals
of the secondary schools in Medina from the point of view of the
teachers: A field study. Journal of Educational Sciences,
D. (2015). Servant leadership and human capital management: Case
study in Citibank Indonesia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral
Sciences, 169, 303-311.
Barbuto, J., & Wheeler, D. (2007). Scale development and construct
clarification of servant leadership. Group & Organizations
Black, G. (2010). Correlational analysis of servant leadership and
school climate. Catholic Education: A Journal of Inquiry and
Practice, 13(4), 437-466.
Y. (2010). The effects of servant leadership on teachers’
organizational commitment in primary schools in Turkey. International
Journal of Leadership in Education, 13(3), 301-317.
Coetzer, M., Bussin, M., & Geldenhuys,
M. (2017). The functions of a servant leader. Administrative
Sciences, 7(1), 1-32.
Dennis, R., & Bocarnea, M. (2005). Development of the servant
leadership assessment instrument. Leadership and Organization
Development Journal, 26, 600-615.
M. (2012). Development of the Best-Fit Models. Doctoral
Dissertation, Gomal University, Pakistan.
Eboka, O. (2016). Principals’ leadership styles and gender influence
on teachers’ morale in public secondary schools. Journal of
Education and Practice, 7(15), 25-32.
L. (2001). Delving deeper into morale, job satisfaction and
motivation among education professionals: Re-examining the
leadership dimension. Educational Management Administration &
Leadership, 29(3), 291-306.
Friedman, A., & Reynolds, L. (2011). Burned in: Fueling the fire
to teach. New York, United States: Teachers College Press.
M. (2015). Servant leadership and its relationship with
organizational commitment. Master Thesis, Islamic University-
(1995). Measuring attitudes to science: Unidimensionality and
internal consistency revisited. Research in Science Education,
Georgolopoulos, V., Papaloi, E., & Loukorou,
K. (2018). Servant leadership as a predictive factor of teachers’
job satisfaction. European Journal of Education, 1(2),15-28.
Giambatista, R., McKeage, R., & Brees, J. (2020). Cultures of
servant leadership and their impact. The Journal of Values-based
Leader-ship, 13(1), 12.
A. (2017). The level of morale and its relationship with some
variables among teachers in public education schools of the southern
boundary of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A field study.
International Interdisciplinary Journal of Education, 5(6),
Hasaballah, S. (2014). The degree of practicing distributing
leadership by elementary-school principals in the Gaza governorates
and its relation with the level of teachers’ morale.
Master Thesis, Islamic University–Gaza, Palestine.
K. (2017). A Qualitative study on educational leadership styles
and teacher morale. Doctoral Dissertation, Carson-Newman
University, United States.
Jackson, E., Rossi, M., Hoover, E., & Johnson,
R. (2012). Relationship of leader reward behavior with employee
behavior. Leadership & Organization Development Journal,
M. (2019). Practicing servant leadership and its relation to
teachers' quality of professional life.
Hebron University Research Journal (Humanities), 14(2),
Kessler, S., & Snodgrass,
A. (2014). The house that affirmation builds. Educational
Leadership, 71(5), 60-63.
Kilani, L., & Magablh,
A. (2014). The role of the private school principals in improving
the organizational climate and its relationship with the morale of
their teachers in Amman. Dirasat:
Educational Sciences, 41(1), 46-60.
R., Wayne, S., Meuser, J., Hu, J., Wu, J., & Liao, C. (2015).
Servant leadership: Validation of a short form of the SL-28. The
Leadership Quarterly, 26(2), 254-269.
C., & Coruk, A. (2018). The relationship between morale and job
satisfaction of teachers in elementary and secondary schools.
Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 13(1),
Melchar, D., & Bosco, S. (2010). Achieving high organization
performance through servant leadership. The Journal of Business
Inquiry, 9(1), 74-88.
Mesch, D., Brown, M., Moore, Z., & Hayat, A. (2011). Gender
differences in charitable giving. International Journal of
Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Marketing, 16(4), 342-355.
L. (2004). Servant-leadership and job satisfaction: A
correlational study in Texas education agency region X public
schools. Doctoral Dissertation, Texas A & M University-Commerce,
Ministry of Education. (2019). Annual Bulletin of Education
Statistics. Kuwait: Central Statistical Bureau.
S. (2016). The degree of administrative empowerment and morale
and the relationship between them in basic-school teachers in
Tulkarm governorate from their point of view. Master Thesis,
Al-Najah National University Nablus, Palestine.
Nagah, Z., & Barkikah,
K. (2012). Morale and its relationship to management leadership:
A field study of the Petroleum-Qutt Foundation's employees.
Ngambi, H. (2011). The relationship between leadership and employee
morale in higher education. African Journal of Business
Management, 5(3), 762-776.
Owens, B., Johnson, M., & Mitchell,
T. (2013). Expressed humility in organizations: Implications for
performance, teams and leadership. Organization Science, 24(5),
Peters, A., Rowat, W., & Johnson, M. (2011).
Association between dispositional humility and social relationship
quality. Psychology, 2(3),155-161.
Rashid, S., & Matar,
L. (2014). Organizational citizenship behaviors under theory of
servant leadership: An exploratory study in a sample of faculties of
the University of Alqadisiya. Journal of Economic and
Administrative Sciences, 20(76), 84-109.
Rashid, S., & Matar, L. (2016). Servant leadership:
perspective of leadership in the 21st century.
Iraq: Dar Nebur for Printing and Publishing.
Rebore, R., & Walmsley, A. (2007). An evidence-based approach to
the practice of educational leadership. Boston, MA: Pearson
Allyn & Bacon.
Robbins, S., & Judge, T. (2017). Organizational behavior.
Essex, England: Pearson Education, ltd.
Roncesvalles, M., & Gaerlan, A. (2020).
Authentic leadership and teacher morale: Impact on organizational
citizenship behavior in higher education. International Journal
of Advanced Research, 4(3), 84-94.
K. (2011). Servant leadership practices among school principals in
educational directorates in Jordan. International
Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(22),
Saud, S. (2009). Administrative styles according to Rensis Likert
theory (system1- system4) of public
secondary school principals in Jordan and their relationship with
organizational loyalty of teachers. The Jordanian Journal of
Educational Sciences, 5(3), 249-262.
M. (2016). Ten habits of highly emotionally intelligent bosses.
S., Sarros, J., & Santora, J. (2008). Defining and measuring servant
leadership behavior in organizations. Journal of Management
Studies, 45(2), 402-424.
Shaw, J., & Newton,
J. (2014). Teacher retention and satisfaction with a servant leader
as principal. Education,135(1), 101-106.
Spears, L. (2005). The understanding and practice of servant
leadership. The Journal of Virtues & Leadership, 1(1), 29-45.
Spears, L. (2010). Character and servant leadership: Ten
characteristics of effective, caring leaders. The Journal of
Virtues & Leadership, 1(1),25-30.
Stewart, J. (2017). The Importance of servant leadership in schools.
International Journal of Business Management and Commerce,
D. (2011). Servant leadership: A review and synthesis. Journal of
Management, 37(4), 1228-1261.
Webb, D. (2014). The relationship between principal leadership
and teacher morale in the elementary schools in a northwest Georgia
school district. Doctoral Dissertation,
Liberty University, United States.