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بناء مقياس التنمر الأخوي لدى عينة من المراهقين

عايش صباح  

 جامعة حسيبة بن بوعلي، الشلف، الجزائر


JJES,17(3), 2021, 407-420

ملخص: هدفت الدراسة الحالية إلى بناء مقياس التنمر الأخوي لدى عينة من المراهقين، والتحقق من بنيته العاملية عن طريق التحليل العاملي التوكيدي، وكذا دراسة فروق مستوى التنمر الأخوي لدى المراهقين تبعًا لمتغير الجنس ومتغير العمر. تم إجراء الدراسة على عينة متكونة من (221) تلميذًا وتلميذة على مستوى ولايتي الشلف وورقلة بالجزائر. ولتحقيق أهداف الدراسة، تم بناء مقياس التنمر الأخوي المكون من 26 فقرة، ويقيس صورتين للتنمر هما: التنمر الممارس على الإخوة (الضحية)، والتعرض للتنمر من الإخوة (المتنمر)، ويقيس ثلاثة أبعاد فرعية لكل صورة هي: التنمر الجسدي، والعاطفي، واللفظي. تم عرض المقياس على مجموعة من الخبراء في علم النفس، وبعدها أجري التحليل العاملي التوكيدي للمقياس على عينة الدراسة. وقد أظهرت النتائج وجود ارتباط دال إحصائيًا بين الفقرات والمقياس ككل من خلال الاتساق الداخلي، ودلالات ثبات مقبولة. كما دلت مؤشرات المطابقة بعد إجراء التحليل العاملي التوكيدي على تمتع النموذج بمطابقة إجمالية جيدة. كما تم التوصل إلى وجود فروق في مستوى التنمر الأخوي (الضحية) لصالح الإناث، وعدم وجود فروق بين الذكور والإناث في التنمر الأخوي لصورة الأخ المتنمر. كما بينت نتائج الدراسة وجود فروق في مستوى التنمر تبعًا لمتغير العمر. وبعد استخدام اختبار شيفيه للمقارنات البعدية، تم التوصل إلى وجود فروق بين مجموعتين هما: المراهقة الأولى والمراهقة المتوسطة.

(الكلمات المفتاحية: مقياس، التنمر الأخوي).



Developing a Measure of Fraternal Bullying among a Sample of Adolescents

Aiche Sabah, Hassiba Ben Bouali University, Algeria.


Abstract: The current study aims at developing the fraternal bullying scale in a sample of adolescents, verifying its structure through the factor analysis, as well as studying the differences in the level of fraternal bullying among adolescents according to the gender and age variables, The study was conducted on a sample of 221 pupils at Chlef and Ouargla states, who were chosen accidently. To achieve the objectives of the study, the descriptive approach was used based on the fraternal bullying scale built by the researcher, which consists of 26 items and measures two images of bullying: bullying on the brothers (victim) and bullying by the (bullying) brothers and measures three sub-dimensions of each image: physical, emotional and verbal bullying. The scale was presented to a group of psychologists, after which the statistical analysis of the scale was performed on the sample study. The results showed that there was a statistically significant correlation between the items and the scale as a whole through internal consistency and indications of acceptable stability, as indicated by conformity indicators. After conducting the confirmatory factor analysis, the model enjoyed a good overall match. There were also differences in the level of bullying on the brothers (victim) in favor of females, with the absence of differences between males and females in fraternal bullying of the image of the bullying brother. The study showed the existence of differences in the level of bullying according to the age variable and after using Scheffe post hoc test, it was reached that there are differences between two groups: first adolescence and middle adolescence.

(Keywords: Sibling Bullying, Scale).



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