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استكشاف فاعلية العلاج الوجودي والعلاج الواقعي في خفض الضغط النفسي وزيادة التماسك الأسري
لدى زوجات المدمنين على المخدرات

سناء درادكة* و عبد الكريم جرادات**

‏* وزارة التربية والتعليم - الأردن.‏

*‏* جامعة اليرموك - الأردن.‏

 

Doi://10.47015/17.3.7                           

JJES,17(2),2021, 421-436

ملخص: هدفت الدراسة الحالية إلى استكشاف أثر العلاج الوجودي والعلاج الواقعي في خفض الضغط النفسيّ وزيادة التّماسك الأسري لدى زوجات المدمنين على المخدرات في محافظة إربد، الأردن. تكونت عينة الدراسة من (51) زوجة من الزوجات اللواتي يعاني أزواجهن من مشكلة الإدمان، وتم توزيعهن عشوائيًا إلى ثلاث مجموعات: مجموعة العلاج الوجودي (18 زوجة)، ومجموعة العلاج الواقعي (18 زوجة)، والمجموعة الضابطة (15 زوجة). ولتحقيق هدف الدراسة، تم استخدام النسخة العربية لمقياس الضغط النفسي المدرك، وكذلك النسخة العربية لمقياس التماسك الأسري. وقد أظهرت نتائج الدراسة وجود فروق دالة إحصائيًا بين متوسطات درجات المجموعات على مقياس الضغط النفسي؛ إذ كانت درجات كل من المجموعتين التجريبيتين أدنى من درجات المجموعة الضابطة في القياس البعدي. كما أظهرت النتائج وجود فروق ذات دلالة بين متوسطات درجات المجموعات الثلاث على مقياس التماسك الأسري؛ إذ كانت درجات كل من المجموعتين التجريبيتين أعلى من درجات المجموعة الضابطة، وكانت درجات مجموعة العلاج الوجودي أعلى من درجات مجموعة العلاج الواقعي في القياس البعدي.


‏(
الكلمات المفتاحية:
العلاج الوجودي، العلاج الواقعي، الضغط النفسي، التماسك الأسري، زوجات المدمنين على المخدرات).‏

 

Exploring the Effectiveness of Existential Therapy and Reality Therapy in Reducing Stress and Increasing Family Cohesion among Wives of Drug Addicts

 

Sanaa Daradkah, Ministry of Education, Jordan.

Abdul-Kareem Jaradat, Yarmouk Universirty, Jordan.

 

Abstract: The aim of this study is to explore the effectiveness of existential therapy and reality therapy in reducing stress and increasing family cohesion among wives of drug addicts in Irbid governorate, Jordan. The sample consisted of (51) wives of drug addicts, who were randomly assigned to three groups: Existential therapy group (18 wives), reality therapy group (18 wives) and control group (15 wives). To achieve the aims of the study, an Arabic version of the perceived stress scale, and an Arabic version of the family cohesion scale were used. Results of the study revealed significant differences between groups in mean scores of the perceived stress scale where both the existential therapy group and the reality therapy group scored lower than the control group at the posttest. Furthermore, there were significant differences between mean scores of the groups on the family cohesion scale, where both experimental groups scored higher than the control group, while the existential therapy group scored higher than the reality therapy group at the posttest.‎


‎(Keywords:
Existential Therapy, Reality Therapy, Stress, Family Cohesion, Wives of Drug Addicts).‎

 

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