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التأثير النفسي وحالة الصحة النفسية خلال جائحة فيروس كورونا -19 لدى عينة من طلبة الجامعات الأردنية

جهاد علاء الدين* و أحمد الشريفين** و محمد عبود* و أحمد الشيخ علي ***  ونايفة الشوبكي****‏

‏* الجامعة الهاشمية، الأردن.‏
‏** جامعة اليرموك، الأردن. ‏
‏*** الجامعة الأردنية، الأردن.‏

‏**** جامعة البلقاء التطبيقية، الأردن.‏


JJES,17(3), 2021, 455-473

ملخص: أجريت الدراسة الحالية لتقييم التأثير النفسي لجائحة فيروس كورونا-19، وحالة الصحة النفسية خلال الوباء لدى عينة متيسرة من طلبة الجامعات الأردنية. تكونت عينة الدراسة من (625) طالبًا وطالبة. وقد استخدمت النسخة العربية المعدلة من مقياس تأثير الحدث، ومقياس داس للاكتئاب والقلق والتوتر لتقييم التأثير النفسي، وحالة الصحة النفسية على التوالي. أظهرت النتائج عدم وجود فروق دالة إحصائيًا بين الأوساط الحسابية لتأثير الحدث تعزى لمتغيرات الدراسة. فيما وجدت فروق دالة إحصائيًا بين الأوساط الحسابية لحالة الصحة النفسية تعزى لمتغير العمر ولصالح من هم بعمر 18 – 23 مقابل من هم بعمر 24 سنة فأكثر. ووجدت فروقا تعزى لحالة العمل ولصالح من لا يعمل. ولم تكشف النتائج عن وجود فروق تعزى لكل من (الجنس، الحالة الاجتماعية). بالإضافة إلى ذلك، أظهرت النتائج أن الأفكار الدخيلة، والاستثارة، والمرض النفسي فسرت (49.2٪) من التباين في حالة الصحة النفسية (DASS-21). وعلى وجه التحديد، أسهم متغير الأفكار الدخيلة في تفسير (42.1٪)؛ ومتغير الاستثارة في تفسير (4.9٪)، وفسر متغير المرض النفسي (2.2٪) من التباين الكلي للنموذج التنبؤي. ‏

الكلمات المفتاحية:
التأثير النفسي، حالة الصحة النفسية، جائحة فيروس كورونا -19، طلبة الجامعات الأردنية)‏


Psychological Impact and Mental Health ‎Status During the COVID-19 Pandemic ‎among Jordanian University Students


Jehad Alaedein, Hashemite University, Jordan.

Ahmad AL-Sraifin, Yarmouk University, Jordan.

Mohammad Abood, Hashemite University, Jordan.

Ahmad Alsheikh Ali, Jordan University, Jordan.

Nayfeh Al-Shobaki,  Al- Balqa' Applied University, Jordan.


Abstract: The current study was conducted to evaluate the psychological ‎impact and the status of mental health during the COVID-19 ‎virus pandemic among a convenience sample of university ‎students in Jordan. The study sample consisted of (625) ‎university students. We used the Arabic version of the Impact ‎of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), and (DASS-21) respectively. ‎The results showed that there were no statistically significant ‎differences between the means of the impact of the event (IES-‎R) due to study variables. Also, statistically significant ‎differences were found between the means of the state of mental ‎health (DASS-21), due to the variable of age and in favor of ‎those aged 18-23 in comparison with those aged 24 years and ‎over; also, there were differences attributed to the working ‎condition and in favor of those who do not work. The results ‎did not reveal significant differences due to either sex or marital ‎status variables. Additionally, the results showed that the ‎intrusive thoughts, arousal, and mental illness, explained ‎‎(49.2%) of the variance in the state of mental health (DASS-‎‎21). Specifically, the intrusive thoughts variable contributed to ‎the interpretation of (42.1%); the arousal variable contributed to ‎the explanation of (4.9%), and the mental illness variable ‎explained (2.2%) of the total variance of the predictive model. ‎

Psychological Impact; Mental Health State; COVID-19 Pandemic; Jordan University students).‎



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