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العلاقة بين الضغوط النفسية والكفاءة الذاتية المدركة لدى أمهات الأطفال ذوي اضطراب طيف ‏التوحد في الأردن ‏‎ ‎

محمد مهيــدات و مريم ابو سارة *‏

‏* ‎ ‎جامعة اليرموك، الأردن‎.‎
 

Doi://10.47015/17.4.5 

JJES,17(4), 2021, 547-565

ملخص: هدفت هذه الدراسة إلى التحقق من العلاقة بين الضغوط النفسية والكفاءة الذاتية المدركة لدى أمهات الأطفال ذوي اضطراب طيف التوحد في محافظة إربد. تكون مجتمع الدراسة من (170) أمًا، بينما تكونت عينة الدراسة من (101) من الأمهات تم اختيارهن بالطريقة العشوائية البسيطة، ولتحقيق أهداف الدراسة، تم تطبيق مقياسي الضغوط النفسية ، والكفاءة الذاتية المدركة. تكون مقياس الضغوط النفسية من (36) فقرة موزعة إلى ثلاثة أبعاد، هي: ضيق(حزن) الوالدين، والتفاعل بين الوالدين والطفل، ومشكلات الطفل، وتكون مقياس الكفاءة الذاتية المدركة من (17) فقرة، وأظهرت النتائج أن مستوى الضغوط النفسية لدى الأمهات جاء بدرجة مرتفعة، وأن مستوى الكفاءة الذاتية المدركة جاء متوسطًا. كما أظهرت النتائج وجود علاقة عكسية دالة إحصائيًا عند مستوى الدلالة (α= 0.05) بين مستوى الضغوط النفسية والكفاءة الذاتية المدركة لدى أمهات أطفال اضطراب طيف التوحد.

(الكلمات المفتاحية: الضغوط النفسية، اضطراب طيف التوحد، الكفاءة الذاتية المدركة)

 

The Relationship between Psychological Stress and Perceived Self-efficacy in Mothers of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in Jordan

 

Mohammad Muhaidat and Mariam Abu Sarah, Yarmouk University,  Jordan.  

Abstract: This study aimed to verify the relationship between psychological stress and perceived self-efficacy among mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder in the governorate of Irbid. The study population consisted of (170) mothers, while the study sample consisted of (101) mothers  chosen in a simple random method. To achieve the goals of the study, measures of psychological stress and perceived self-efficacy were applied. The psychological stress scale consisted of (36) items divided into three dimensions: the distress (sadness) of the parents, the interaction between the parents and the child and the child problems. The perceived self-efficacy measure consists of (17) items. The results showed that the level of psychological stress among mothers came with a high degree and that the level of perceived self-efficacy was average. The results also showed a statistically significant inverse relationship at the level of significance (α = 0.05) between the level of psychological stress and perceived self-efficacy among mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder.

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(Keywords: Psychological Stress, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Perceived Self-efficacy).

 

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