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الاحتراق الأكاديمي وعلاقته بتنظيم الذات والتنظيم الانفعالي لدى طلبة الجامعة الهاشمية
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                                       احمد محاسنة*، وأحمد العلون*، وعمر العظامات**          

‏* الجامعة الهاشمية، الأردن.‏
‏** وزارة التربية والتعليم، الأردن
 

Doi://10.47015/18.2.2  

JJES,18(2), 2022, 217-242

ملخص: هدفت الدراسة الحالية إلى التعرف إلى مستوى الاحتراق الأكاديمي، وتنظيم الذات، والتنظيم الانفعالي، والتعرف إلى ما إذا كانت هناك فروق دالة إحصائيًا في مستوى الاحتراق الأكاديمي، وتنظيم الذات، والتنظيم الانفعالي تعزى لمتغيرات النوع الاجتماعي، والتخصص الأكاديمي، والمستوى الدراسي. كما هدفت إلى فحص العلاقة الارتباطية بين الاحتراق الأكاديمي وتنظيم الذات والتنظيم الانفعالي. ولتحقيق أهداف الدراسة، تم استخدام مقياس الاحتراق الأكاديمي، ومقياس تنظيم الذات، ومقياس التنظيم الانفعالي. وتكونت عينة الدراسة من (736) طالبًا وطالبة من طلبة الجامعة الهاشمية، تم اختيارهم بالطريقة المتيسرة. وقد أظهرت نتائج الدراسة أن الاحتراق الأكاديمي جاء بمستوى منخفض. مع عدم وجود فروق دالة إحصائيًا في مستوى الاحتراق الأكاديمي تعزى لمتغير النوع الاجتماعي، ووجود فروق دالة إحصائيًا في مستوى الاحتراق الأكاديمي تعزى لمتغير التخصص الأكاديمي؛ إذ إن مستوى الاحتراق الأكاديمي كان أقل لدى طلبة الكليات العلمية منه لدى طلبة الكليات الإنسانية، ووجود فروق دالة إحصائيًا في مستوى الاحتراق الأكاديمي تعزى لمتغير المستوى الدراسي. إذ إن مستوى الاحتراق الأكاديمي كان أقل لدى طلبة السنة الأولى منه لدى طلبة السنتين الثانية والرابعة. وأظهرت النتائج أن تنظيم الذات والتنظيم الانفعالي جاءا بمستوى متوسط، مع عدم وجود فروق في مستوى تنظيم الذات تعزى لمتغيرات النوع الاجتماعي، والتخصص الأكاديمي، والمستوى الدراسي، ووجود فروق في مستوى التنظيم الانفعالي تعزى لمتغير النوع الاجتماعي لصالح الإناث، ووجود فروق في مستوى التنظيم الانفعالي تعزى لمتغير المستوى الدراسي لصالح طلبة السنتين الأولى والرابعة. كذلك أظهرت النتائج وجود علاقة ارتباطية سالبة ودالة إحصائيًا بين الاحتراق الأكاديمي وتنظيم الذات والتنظيم الانفعالي.

(الكلمات المفتاحية: الاحتراق الأكاديمي، تنظيم الذات، التنظيم الانفعالي)

 

Academic Burnout and Its Relationship with Self-‎regulation and Emotional Regulation among ‎Hashemite University Students

Ahmad Mahasneh and Ahmad Al-Awan,  Hashemite University, Jordan.  

Omar Al-Adamat,  Ministry of Education, Jordan

 Abstract: The current study aimed to identify the level of academic burnout, self-regulation and emotional regulation, as well as to indentify whether there are statistically significant differences in the level of academic burnout, self-regulation and emotional regulation due to gender, academic specialization and academic level variables. It also aimed to investigate the relationship between academic burnout, self-regulation and emotional regulation. To achieve the aims of the study, the academic burnout scale, self-regulation scale and emotional regulation scale were used. The study sample consisted of (735) students at the Hashemite University chosen by the convenience method. The results of the study showed that the level of academic burnout was low and showed no statistically significant differences in the level of academic burnout due to gender. However, there were statistically significant differences in the level of academic burnout due to academic specialization, with the academic burnout level of scientific colleges students being lower than that of humanities colleges students. Statistically significant differences were also found in the level of academic burnout due to academic level, with the level in first-year students being lower than the level in second -and fourth- year students. The results also showed that the levels of self-regulation and emotional regulation were moderate. There were no statistically significant differences in the level of self-regulation due to gender, academic specialization or academic level, although there were statistically significant differences in the level of emotional regulation due to gender, in favour of female students; statistically significant differences were also found in the level of emotional regulation due to academic level, in favour of first -and fourth- year students. Finally, the results showed a negative correlation and astatistically significant relationship between academic burnout, self-regulation and emotional regulation.

(Keywords: Academic Burnout, Self-regulation, Emotional Regulation).

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