JJMLL Ľ JJMLL Issues

 

 Jordanian Journals
Home
Editorial Board
International Advisory Board
Scope and Description
Manuscript Submission
Manuscript Organization  
Publication Ethics  
Copyright  
Offprints  
Disclaimer  
JJMLL Issues  
Contact Address

 

      

     
   

An Analysis of the Social Roles and Practices and Interactional Metadiscoursal Resources in American Former President Trumpís Facebook Text Messages

 

Abstract

 

Facebook is a means of interaction through which individuals most frequently relate to others. Most of the studies that have attempted to analyze Trumpís messages or speeches were descriptive. They have not critically pinpointed some of the socio-cultural motivations that have given rise to the linguistic options utilized by the writer. Therefore, the present study purports to critically analyze the experiential social roles and practices articulated by Trump's Facebook messages and the socio-cultural factors motivating these roles. It also attempts to examine the interactional meta-discoursal persuasive linguistic strategies employed to qualify these roles and practices. To this end, a corpus of two hundred posted texts was selected from Donald Trumpís personal Facebook page. We drew on Van Laweenís (2008) CDA model and Hylandís (2005) interactional meta-discourse framework to analyze these texts. The results have provided insights about Trumpís identity and his various relationships. Trump utilized a high frequency of active material social processes to construct a positive image of himself as an active leader who shares common concerns with his audience, whereas he evaluated his opponents negatively by presenting them as always being involved in negative social processes. Besides, he utilized certain interactional cues to affect his addresseesí attitude in order to secure their positive reaction to the propositional content and to involve them collaboratively through his messages.

Keywords: Interactional Meta-Discourse, Social Processes, Trump, Critical Discourse Analysis.

Authors: Mohammed Nahar Al-Ali , Mohammed M. Al-Shannaq

Doi: https://doi.org/10.47012/jjmll.15.3.4

 

Cited by: Jordan Journal of Modern Languages and Literatures (JJMLL) 2023, 15 (3): 813-829

 

Full text

 

 

References

Al-Ali, Mohammed N. and Yara Sahawneh. 2011. Rhetorical and Textual Organization of English and Arabic PhD Dissertation Abstracts in Linguistics. SKY Journal of Linguistics 24: 7-39.

Al-Ali, Mohammed N. 2018. Genre-pragmatic Analysis of Arabic Academic Book Reviews (ArBRs). Pragmatics 28 (2): 159- 183.

Al-Ali, Mohammed N. and Hanan Shatat. 2021. (in production). Discoursal Representation of Masculine Parenting Practices in Arabic and English Websites. Pragmatics.

Chen, Wen. 2018. A Critical Discourse Analysis of Donald Trump's Inaugural Speech from the Perspective of Systemic Functional Grammar. Theory and Practice in Language Studies. 8: 966-972.

Fairclough, Norman. 1989. Language and Power. New York: Longman.

Fairclough, Norman. 1992. Discourse and Social Change. Cambridge, UK: Policy Press.

Fairclough, Norman. 1995. Critical Discourse Analysis. London: Longman.

Fairclough. Norman. 2003. Analyzing Discourse: Textual Analysis for Social Research. UK: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group.

Fowler, Roger. 1991. Language in the News: Discourse and Ideology in the Press. London: Routledge.

Halliday, M.A.K. 1994. An Introduction to Functional Grammar. London: Edward Arnold.

Hyland, Ken. 2000. Disciplinary Discourse: Social Interaction in Academic Writing. London, New York: Continuum.

Hyland, Ken 2002. Authority and Invisibility: Authorial Identity in Academic Writing. Journal of Pragmatics 34 (8): 1091-1112.

Hyland, Ken 2005. Metadiscourse: Exploring Interaction in Writing. London, New York: Continuum.

Kreis, Ramona. 2017. The "Tweets Politics" of President Trump. Journal of Language and Politics 16 (4): 607-618.

Li, Juan. 2009. Intertextuality and National Identity: Discourse of National Conflicts in Daily Newspapers in the United States and China. Discourse and Society 20 (1): 85-121

Liu, C. 2016. Reviewing the Rhetoric of Donald Trumpís Twitter of the 2016 Presidential Election. Master Thesis. Jonkoping University.

Mohammadi, Mohammad and Javad Javadi. 2017. A Critical Discourse Analysis of Donald Trump's Language Use in U.S Presidential Campaign, 2016. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature 6 (5): 1-10.

Munawar, Bushra. 2018. Discourse in Matrix of Power: The Textual Analysis of First Presidential Speech by Donald J. Trump at White House in the Context of Norman Fairclough's Modal of Three Levels. International Journal of Applied Linguistic and English Literature 7 (7): 80-89.

Paltridge, Brian. 2006. Discourse Analysis: An Introduction. London: Continuum.

Ping, Kuang and Li Lingling. 2017. Application of Interpersonal meaning in Hillaryís and Trumpís Election Speeches. Advances in Language and Literary Studies 8 (6): 28-36.

Rachman, Andhita, Sofi Yunianti, and Dwijani Ratnadewi. 2017. Critical Discourse Analysis in Donald Trump's Presidential Campaign  in Americans Heart. Teaching of English Language and Literature Journal 5 (2): 8-17.

Scollon, Ron and Suzanne Scollon. 2012. Intercultural Communication: a Discourse Approach (3rd ed.). Wiley-Blacwell.

Thetela, Puleng.1997. Evaluated Entities and Parameters of Value in Academic Research Articles. English for Specific Purposes 16 (2): 101-118.

Van Leeuwen, Theo. 2008. Discourse and Practice: New tool for critical discourse analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Yazdini, Akram and Hadi Salehi. 2016. Metadiscourse Markers of Online Texts: English and Persian Online Headlines Use of Metadiscourse Markers. International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies 4 (3): 41-46.

Zhao, Mengyan and Yi Zhang. 2017. A Transitivity Analysis of American President Donald J. Trump's Inaugural Speech Address. International Journal of Liberal Arts and Social Science 5(5): 31-43.

 

Copyright © 2006-2022. All Rights Reserved, Yarmouk University