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Volume 4, No. 1, May 2012, Jumada 2 1433 H




The Adjectival Suffix [-al]: Testing Some Phonological Considerations of Stress Behavior

This paper proposes some phonological considerations to account for the stress behavior of adjectival [-al]. It aims at disclosing where this suffix gains and where it loses the property of stress non-neutrality/ neutrality. The paper is primarily motivated by Lee's (2001) phonological considerations, which tend to be too unpractical to explain why [-al] behaves stress neutrally in some adjectives and stress non-neutrally in other ones of similar syllable structures. Motivation also lies behind the confusion the researcher, as a non-native specialist of English, gets as a result of classifying this suffix by morphological and phonological works as generally non-neutral.  The findings of analyzing adjectival [-al] in three syllable types of roots show that the stress behavior of this suffix (i.e. neutral and/ or non-neutral) is not a matter of root length or stress location on this root, nor is it a matter of being a nominal or adjectival [–al]; this suffix is phonologically conditioned by the internal syllable structure of the roots. The findings also show that adjectival [-al] is a quantity sensitive suffix, which agrees with Bauer (1983), Katamba (1989), Booij (1998) and Trevian (2007), for example. The process of non-neutrality of [-al], to add another finding, happens in two steps: (1) fusion in the last syllable of the root, and (2) vowel and syllable changes in the roots. 



 Bassam Es-saaydeh

JJMLL, 2012, 4(1), 1-17

 A Different Treatment of Qalqalah Stops Recognition in Arabic

This paper aims to investigate the way a group of stops in Arabic, or more specifically in the Arabic of the Holy Quran (AHQ), is recognized. The stops /b d t dZ q/ take part in the phenomenon of qalqalah which involves vowel insertion (and sometimes a vowel and glottal stop insertion). This process takes place in order to identify this set of stops when they occur word-finally before a pause and word medially as part of a consonant cluster. One of the thorny issues  regarding this phenomenon is that the group of sounds that undergoes qalqalah comprises voiced as well as voiceless stops. To resolve this problem, some proposals have been put forward. One of these proposals suggests that there is interaction between voicing and emphasis in order to explain the membership of the voiceless / t ̣ q/ along with the voiced /b d dZ/ in the class subject to qalqalah. The same notion will be used to account for the absence of the voiceless stops /t k/ and the voiced stop /d ̣/ from the list. The discussion will also examine other reasons for the exclusion of the stops /t k ?/ from the stops contributing to this process in AHQ.



 Abdullah Hamid Alhjouj

JJMLL, 2012, 4(1), 19- 34

 The Black Persona in American Hard-boiled Detective Fiction: A Study of Mosley's Devil in a Blue Dress

 African American authors of detective fiction helped develop a new generation of the American detective novel, called the hard-boiled detective novel. While writers of the classical detective novel concentrated on solving the crimes and finding the criminal at the end of the novel, the writers of the new generation of detective fiction, mainly Black American authors, effected a significant change in this genre. They started using it to serve their ethnic sociall. groups by highlighting the social problems that face them in America and  presenting their viewpoints. This paper is an attempt at analyzing Walter Mosley's Devil in a Blue Dress as an example of American Hard-Boiled detective fiction. The theme, setting, and characters, in this novel, are typical and representative of their counterparts in other American hard-boiled detective novels by Black American authors. In its implications for the history and development of American detective fiction in general, this novel forms a kind of microcosm of the macrocosm of American hard-boiled detective fiction. These implications are explored in this paper in the light of Soitos' tropes of black detective fiction.  These tropes provide significant help in defining and explaining race conflict in American society between the blacks and the whites. When applied to the hard-boiled novel in question, these tropes help us see how the black characters in the novel, the detective persona included, are aware of being the "Other", how they are affected by this awareness, and how the race conflict that results from this awareness leads to Crime.



 Hanan Jezawi

JJMLL, 2012, 4(1), 35-50

 Hegemony as Philanthropy: Colonial Discourse in Doreen Ingrams’ A Time in Arabia

 This paper is an attempt to analyze the colonial discourse in Doreen Ingrams’  A Time in Arabia (1970), in the light of postcolonial theories of Edward Said, David Spurr, with reference, when necessary, to their roots in poststructuralism. I would argue that in Ingrams’ book colonial discourse is implicitly and perhaps unconsciously expressed, for she is very humanitarian and sympathetic with the natives in the southern areas of Arabia, basically in Hadhramaut. Her frequent pioneering journeys into un-trodden primitive Bedouin tribal areas, villages and towns are not merely of a western female wanderer. Rather, they are official and formal colonial assignments to report information of both people and their environment to serve the ultimate goal of the Empire, which is hegemony. Besides, the way she expresses friendliness, sympathy and gratitude is not a deviation from the colonial track as it might appear to be, but rather a basic component of the colonial strategy.



 Khalid Balkhasher

JJMLL, 2012, 4(1), 51-68

 Jewish Personality between Politics and Literature of Medieval Spain

 The paper addresses a new study about the image of the Jews in medieval Castilian literary texts with the objective of analyzing the representation of medieval Jews from a mere Arab point of view to compare similarities, differences, agreements and disagreements with other non-Arabs foreign studies. It alsorefers to Arab comparative studies of the image of the Jews in English and Russian Literature with the Hispanic Literatures.







 Ahlam Sbaihat

JJMLL, 2012, 4(1), 69-87