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The Electromagnetic Field outside the Steadily Rotating Relativistic Uniform System

Sergey G. Fedosin

P.O. Box 614088, Sviazeva Str. 22-79, Perm, Perm Krai, Russia.

Corresponding Author:  Sergey G. Fedosin       Email: sergey.fedosin@gmail.com

Doi: https://doi.org/10.47011/14.5.1

Cited by : Jordan J. Phys., 14 (5) (2021) 379-408

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Received on: 14/01/2021;                                   Accepted on: 24/06/2021

Abstract: Using the method of retarded potentials, approximate formulae are obtained that describe the electromagnetic field outside the relativistic uniform system in the form of a charged sphere rotating at a constant speed. For the near, middle and far zones, the corresponding expressions are found for the scalar and vector potentials, as well as for the electric and magnetic fields. Then, these expressions are assessed for correspondence to the Laplace equations for potentials and fields. One of the purposes is to test the truth of the assumption that the scalar potential and the electric field depend neither on the value of the angular velocity of rotation of the sphere nor on the direction to the point where the field is measured. However, calculations show that potentials and fields increase as the observation point gets closer to the sphere’s equator and to the sphere’s surface, compared with the case for a stationary sphere. In this case, additions are proportional to the square of the angular velocity of rotation and the square of the sphere’s radius and inversely proportional to the square of the speed of light. The largest found relative increase in potentials and fields could reach the value of 4% for the rapidly rotating neutron star PSR J1614-2230, if the star were charged. For a proton, a similar increase in fields on its surface near the equator reaches 54%.

Keywords: Electromagnetic field, Relativistic uniform system, Rotation.

 

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