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Albumen-assisted Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Nickel Ferrite Photocatalyst

P. Aji Udhayaa,b, M. Meenac, M. Abila Jeba Queena, M. Mary Freedaa and T. Regin Dasd

 

a Department of Physics, Holy Cross College, Nagercoil, Affiliated to Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Abishekapatti, Tirunelvel-627012, India.

b Research Scholar, Reg. No. 18123152132038, Department of Physics, S.T. Hindu College, Nagercoil, Affiliated to Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Abishekapatti, Tirunelvel-627012, India.

c Department of Physics, S.T. Hindu College, Nagercoil, Affiliated to Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Abishekapatti, Tirunelvel-627012, India.

d Department of Physics, Lekshmipuram Arts and Science College, Neyyoor, Nagercoil, India.

 

Corresponding Author: P. Aji Udhaya                      Emailajiudhaya@gmail.com

Doi: https://doi.org/10.47011/14.5.5

Cited by : Jordan J. Phys., 14 (5) (2021) 437-444

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Received on: 01/05/2020;                                        Accepted on: 15/09/2020

Abstract: As a simple step to remove the polluting dyes in aqua ecosystem, NiFe2O4 nanoparticles well known for their ferromagnetic properties, low conductivity and high electrochemical stability were prepared by simple auto combustion method using egg white as fuel via green synthesis route. The structural, morphological and magnetic properties of prepared NiFe2O4 was analyzed. The desirable phase purity of the prepared spinel ferrite was deliberated by X-ray Diffractometer (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive and Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM). XRD predicts the phase formation, particle size and lattice parameter of the spinel ferrite. The FTIR spectrum confirms the ferrite structure. The morphological and elemental analysis was made using SEM and EDAX. The hysteresis curve reveals the magnetic properties, such as remanence magnetization (Mr), coercivity (Hc) and saturation magnetization (Ms). The photocatalytic efficiency of the synthesized samples was determined from degradation of methylene blue dye. The whole process was monitored using spectrophotometer at regular intervals of time. The maximum photocatalytic degradation efficiency for NiFe2O4 is around 95.6 %.

Keywords: NiFe2O4, Ferrite, Green synthesis, Egg white, Combustion, Photocatalyst.

 

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